The following are substances that have at one time appeared, or currently appear, as ingredients in products labeled as dietary supplements that FDA or the U.S. Armed Services have disallowed for one reason or other. In addition, all prescription drugs and controlled substances * are not permitted for use in or as dietary supplements, but only a few are listed here. Since DoD follows federal guidelines with regard to dietary supplements, this list is provided to help Military Service Members keep track of things to avoid when considering dietary supplement products.

*For a list of controlled substances, please visit the Drug Enforcement Administration website to download the current version.

**Other ingredients in this list might have had adverse events associated but not reported to FDA.

Acacia rigidula
Other Names:
  • A. rigidula
  • Vachellia rigidula
  • Chaparro Prieto
  • blackbrush
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use

Aconite
Other Names:
  • Aconitum
  • wolfsbane
Reason not allowed:

Potentially fatal poison. Listed in FDA’s poisonous plant database

Reference Link:
Aegeline
Other Names:
  • N-2-hydroxy-2(4-methoxyphenyl) ethyl-3-phenyl-2-propenamide
  • Aegle marmelos
  • bael
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use. Associated adverse events reported**

Reference Link:
Aromatase inhibitors
Other Names:

Including, but not limited to:

  • 1,4,6 etioallocholan-dione
  • 3,17-keto-etiocholetriene
  • Androsta-1,4,6-triene-3,17-dione (androstatrienedione)
  • Androsta-3,5-diene-7,17-dione (arimistane)
Reason not allowed:

Drugs—some approved, some unapproved

Reference Link:
Betaphrine
Other Names:
  • isopropylnorsynephrine
  • isopropyloctopamine
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient

BMPEA
Other Names:
  • β-methylphenylethylamine
  • R-beta methylphenylethylamine
  • beta-methylphenethylamine (HCl)
  • 1-amino-2-phenylpropane
  • 2-phenylpropan-1-amine
  • 2-phenylpropylamine
  • alpha-benzylethylamine
  • 1-phenyl-1-methyl-2-aminoethane
  • beta-methylbenzeneethanamine
  • beta-phenylpropylamine
  • 2- phenyl-1-propanamine
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient

Cannabidiol
Other Names:
  • CBD
Reason not allowed:

Service Policies

Other Names:
  • 1,3-dimethylamylamine
  • see DMAA list for more
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient Reports of serious adverse events

Other Names:
  • 1,3-dimethylbutylamine
  • AMP citrate
  • 4-amino-2-methylpentane citrate
  • Amperall
  • Methylpentane citrate (HCl)
  • 4-methyl-2-pentanamine citrate
  • 4-AMP, 4-AMP citrate
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use

DMHA
Other Names:
  • 1,5-Dimethylhexylamine
  • 1,5-DMHA
  • 2-amino-5-methylheptane
  • 2-amino-6-methylheptane
  • 2-aminoisoheptane
  • 2-Heptylamine, 6-methyl-
  • 2-Isooctyl amine
  • 2-Metil-6-amino-eptano
  • 6-Amino-2-methylheptane
  • Amidrine
  • Octodrine
  • Vaporpac
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use

Ephedra
Other Names:
  • Ephedrine
  • Ma huang
  • Ephedra sinica
  • Mormon tea
  • Ephedra alkaloids
Reason not allowed:

Regulation passed specifically to ban ephedra due to unreasonable risk of illness or injury

Other Names:
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin
Reason not allowed:

Prescription drug

Other Names:
  • Human growth hormone
Reason not allowed:

Prescription drug

Reference Link:
Other Names:
  • Insulin-like growth factor
Reason not allowed:

Unapproved drug

Reference Link:
Kratom
Other Names:
  • Mitragyna speciosa korth
  • Maeng Da
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use; deadly risks associated with its use

Methylsynephrine
Other Names:
  • oxilofrine
  • p-hydroxyephedrine
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient

Phenibut
Other Names:
  • fenibut
  • phenigam
  • PhGaba
  • Phenigamma
  • Phenygam
  • 4-Amino-3-phenylbutanoic acid
  • β-(aminomethyl)benzenepropanoic acid
  • beta-(Aminomethyl)hydrocinnamic acid
  • β-phenyl-γ-aminobutyric acid
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient

Picamilon
Other Names:
  • pikatropin
  • pikamilon
  • nicotinyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid
  • nicotinyl-GABA
  • 4-(pyridine-3-carbonylamino) butanoic acid
  • sodium;4-(pyridine-3-carbonylamino)butanoate
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient

Pseudoephedrine
Other Names:
Reason not allowed:

Prescription drug

Racetams
Other Names:
  • piracetam (most common)
  • aniracetam
  • pramiracetam
  • oxiracetam
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substances that currently do not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient

Redotex
Other Names:

This is a brand-name product with multiple ingredients.

Reason not allowed:

Unapproved new drug

Reference Link:
Salvia divinorum
Other Names:
  • Salvinorin A
  • Diviner’s Sage
  • Sally D
  • Magic Mint
  • Ska Maria pastora
Reason not allowed:

Prohibited by all individual U.S. military services

Reference Link:
SARMs
Other Names:

Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators: See OPSS article about SARMs

Reason not allowed:

Currently unapproved new drugs

Tianeptine
Other Names:
  • Tianeptine sulfate
  • Tianeptine sodium powder
  • Tianaa
  • Tianna Green
  • Tianna Red
  • Tianna White
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient; unsafe food additive

Unapproved drugs
Other Names:

Some examples include:

  • Adrafinil
  • Dapoxetine
  • GW-501516
  • MK-677
  • Noopept
  • Phenibut
  • Phenolphthalein
  • Picamilon
  • Piracetam
  • Pregnenolone
  • Sibutramene
  • SR-9009
Reason not allowed:

Drugs that have not been approved by FDA and thus might not meet current standards of safety