The following are substances that have at one time appeared, or currently appear, as ingredients in products labeled as dietary supplements that FDA or the U.S. Armed Services have disallowed for one reason or other. In addition, all prescription drugs and controlled substances * are not permitted for use in or as dietary supplements, but only a few are listed here. Since DoD follows federal guidelines with regard to dietary supplements, this list is provided to help Military Service Members keep track of things to avoid when considering dietary supplement products.

Updated 15 July 2021

*For a list of controlled substances, please visit the Drug Enforcement Administration website to download the current version.

**Other ingredients in this list might have had adverse events associated but not reported to FDA.

Acacia rigidula
Other Names:
  • A. rigidula
  • Acacia rigidula extract
  • Acacia rigidula extract (98%)
  • Acaciopsis rigidula
  • blackbrush acacia
  • Chaparro prieto
  • Vachellia rigidula
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use

Aconitum
Other Names:
  • aconit
  • aconite
  • aconite extract
  • aconite root
  • Aconitum carmichaelii
  • Aconitum japonicum
  • Aconitum kusnezoffii
  • Aconitum napellus
  • Aconitum squamosa
  • blue rocket
  • devil's helmet
  • leopard's bane
  • monkshood
  • mousebane
  • queen of poisons
  • wolfsbane
  • women's bane
Reason not allowed:

Potentially fatal poisonous plant

Aegeline
Other Names:
  • aegelin
  • egeline
  • N-2-hydroxy-2(4-methoxyphenyl) ethyl-3-phenyl-2-propenamide
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use; associated adverse events reported**

Aromatase inhibitors
Other Names:

Including, but not limited to:

  • 1,4,6 etioallocholan-dione
  • 3,17-keto-etiocholetriene
  • Androsta-1,4,6-triene-3,17-dione (androstatrienedione)
  • Androsta-3,5-diene-7,17-dione (arimistane)
Reason not allowed:

Drugs—some approved, some unapproved; also on WADA Prohibited List, Section S4

Reference Link:
BMPEA
Other Names:
  • (R)-(+)-N-benzyl-α-phenethylamine
  • 1-amino-2-phenylpropane
  • 1-phenyl-1-methyl-2-aminoethane
  • 1-propanamine, 2-phenyl-
  • 2- phenyl-1-propanamine
  • 2-phenyl-1-propanamine, 2-phenylpropan-1-amine
  • 2-phenylpropan-1-amine
  • 2-phenylpropylamine
  • 4-methylphenylethylamine
  • alpha-Benzylethylamine
  • alpha-benzylethylamine
  • B-Methylphenethylamine
  • beta-Me-PEA
  • beta-MePEA
  • beta-methylbenzeneethanamine
  • beta-methylphenethylamine
  • beta-methylphenylethylamine
  • beta-phenylpropylamine
  • methylbenzeneethanamine
  • methylphenylethylamine
  • propylamine, 2-phenyl-
  • R-beta methylphenylethylamine
  • R-beta-methylphenethylamine
  • R-beta-methylphenethylamine HCl
  • ß-MePEA
  • ß-methylphenethylamine
  • β-methylbenzeneethanamine
  • β-methylphenylethylamine
  • β-methylphenylethylamine
  • β-phenylpropylamine
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient

Cannabidiol
Other Names:
  • 1,3-benzenediol, 2-(3-methyl-6-(1-methylethenyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-5-pentyl-, (1R-trans)-
  • 2-[(1R,6R)-3-methyl-6-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohex-2-en-1-yl]-5-pentylbenzene-1,3-diol
  • CBD
  • delta1(2)-trans-cannabidiol
  • Epidiolex
  • trans-2-p-mentha-1,8-dien-3-yl-5-pentylresorcinol
  • trans-cannabidiol
  • Δ1(2)-trans-cannabidiol
Reason not allowed:

Military policy

Reference Link:
Cesium chloride
Other Names:
  • caesium chloride
  • cesium salt
  • CsCl
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use

Other Names:
  • 1,3-dimethylamylamine
  • see DMAA list for more
Reason not allowed:
  • Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient
  • Reports of serious adverse events
Other Names:
  • 1,3-dimethylbutanamine
  • 1,3-dimethylbutylamine
  • 1,3-DMBA
  • 2-amino-4-methylpentane
  • 2-amino-4-methylpentane citrate
  • 4-amino-2-methylpentane
  • 4-amino-2-methylpentane citrate
  • 4-amino-2-pentanamine
  • 4-AMP
  • 4-AMP citrate
  • 4-methyl-2-aminopentane
  • 4-methyl-2-pentamine
  • 4-methyl-2-pentanamine
  • 4-methyl-2-pentanamine citrate
  • 4-methylpentan-2-amine
  • 4-methylpentane-2-amine
  • AMP
  • AMP citrate
  • Amperall
  • butylamine
  • dimethylbutylamine
  • methylpentane
  • methylpentane citrate (HCl)
  • Pentergy
  • Pouchong tea extract
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use

Other Names:
  • 1,5-dimethylhexylamine
  • 1,5-DMHA
  • 2-amino-5-methylheptane
  • 2-amino-6-methylheptane
  • 2-aminoisoheptane
  • 2-heptylamine, 6-methyl-
  • 2-isooctyl amine
  • 2-metil-6-amino-eptano
  • 6-amino-2-methylheptane
  • 6-methyl-2-heptanamine, 6-methyl-2-heptylamine
  • 6-methyl-2-heptylamine
  • Amidrine
  • dimethylhexylamine
  • Isoctaminum
  • octodrine
  • Vaporpac
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use

Ephedra
Other Names:
  • Chinese ephedra
  • country mallow
  • Ephedra
  • Ephedra distachya
  • Ephedra equisentina
  • Ephedra intermedia
  • Ephedra sinica
  • epitonin
  • Ma huang
  • Pinellia ternata
  • Sida cordifolia Linn
Reason not allowed:

Federal regulation passed specifically to ban ephedra due to unreasonable risk of illness or injury

Other Names:
  • chorionic gonadotropin
  • human chorionic gonadotropin
Reason not allowed:
  • WADA S2: Peptide Hormones, Growth Factors, etc.
  • Prescription drug
Hemp
Other Names:

Cannabis sativa L.

Reason not allowed:

DoD policy

Other Names:
  • Accretropin
  • Asellacrin 10
  • Asellacrin 2
  • Bio-Tropin
  • CB 311
  • CB-311
  • Crecormon
  • Crescormon
  • Cryo-Tropin
  • Genotonorm
  • Genotropin
  • GH
  • growth hormone
  • hGH
  • hGH 176-191
  • human growth hormone
  • Humatrope
  • Maxomat
  • Norditropin
  • Norditropin Flexpro
  • Norditropin nordiflex
  • Norditropin Simplexx
  • Nordotropin
  • Nutropin
  • Nutropin AQ
  • Nutropin AQ Pen
  • Nutropin Depot
  • Omnitrope
  • r-HGH
  • r-hGH
  • recombinant human growth hormone
  • Saizen
  • Serostim
  • Serostim LQ
  • SJ 0011
  • Somatogen
  • somatotropin (human)
  • somatotropin recombinant
  • somatropin
  • somatropina
  • Umatrope
  • Valtropin
  • Zarbtive
  • Zomacton
  • Zorbtive
Reason not allowed:
  • WADA S2: Peptide Hormones, Growth Factors, etc.
  • Prescription drug
Other Names:
  • CG-IGF-1
  • IGF-1
  • Mecasermin
  • recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1
  • Somatomedin C
Reason not allowed:
  • WADA S2: Peptide Hormones, Growth Factors, etc.
  • Prescription drug
Isopropylnorsynephrine
Other Names:
  • Betaphrine
  • Deterenol
  • Isopropyloctopamine
  • N-isopropylnorsynephrine
  • N-isopropyloctopamine
Reason not allowed:
  • Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient
  • Unapproved drug
Kratom
Other Names:
  • biak
  • biak-biak
  • cratom
  • drathom
  • gratom
  • ithang
  • kakuam
  • katawn
  • kedemba
  • ketum
  • kraton
  • kratum
  • madat
  • Maeng Da
  • Maeng Da Leaf
  • mambog
  • Mitragyna speciosa
  • Mitragyna speciose
  • mitragynine
  • mitragynine extract
  • thang
  • thom
Reason not allowed:

New dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use; deadly risks associated with its use

Reference Link:
Methylsynephrine
Other Names:
  • 1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminopropanol
  • 1-(4'-hydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminopropanol
  • 4-HMP
  • 4-hydroxyephedrine
  • 4‐[1‐hydroxy‐2‐(methylamino)propyl]phenol
  • erythro-p-Hydroxy-alpha-(1-(methylamino)ethyl)benzyl alcohol
  • hydroxyephedrine
  • methyl synephrin
  • methyl synephrine
  • methylsynephrin
  • oxilofrin
  • oxilofrine
  • oxilofrine hydrochloride
  • oxilofrinum
  • oxyephedrin
  • oxyephedrine
  • p-hydroxyephedrine
  • p-oxy-ephedrin
  • Suprifen
  • Suprifene
  • Supriphen
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient

Methylthioninium chloride
Other Names:
  • Basic blue 9
  • Methylene blue
  • ProvayBlue
  • Swiss blue
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary supplement; prescription drug

Reference Link:
Phenibut
Other Names:
  • 4-amino-3-phenylbutanoic acid
  • 4-amino-3-phenylbutyric acid
  • 4-amino-3-phenylbutyric acid hydrochloride
  • aminophenylbutyric acid
  • Anvifen
  • beta-(Aminomethyl)hydrocinnamic acid
  • beta-phenyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid
  • fenibut
  • fenibut citrate
  • fenigam
  • fenigama
  • noophen
  • phenigam
  • phenigama
  • phenigamma
  • phenybut
  • phenygam
  • phenyl-GABA
  • phenylgam
  • phenylgamma
  • PHG
  • PhGaba
  • β-(aminomethyl)benzenepropanoic acid
  • β-phenyl-GABA
  • β-phenyl-γ-aminobutyric acid
Reason not allowed:
  • Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient
  • Unapproved drug
Picamilon
Other Names:
  • 4-(pyridine-3-carbonylamino) butanoic acid
  • GABA-NG
  • monosodium 4-((3-pyridinylcarbonyl)amino)butanoate
  • N-(3-pyridylcarbonyl)-4-aminobutyric acid sodium salt
  • N-nicotinoyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid sodium salt
  • nicotinoyl-GABA
  • nicotinoyl-GABA sodium salt
  • nicotinyl-GABA
  • nicotinyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid
  • pikamilon
  • pikatropin
  • sodium;4-(pyridine-3-carbonylamino)butanoate
Reason not allowed:
  • Synthetic substance that currently does not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient
  • Unapproved drug
Pseudoephedrine
Other Names:
  • (1S,2S)-2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpropan-1-ol
  • Afrinol®
  • Allegra-D® (as a combination product containing Fexofenadine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Cenafed®
  • Children's Sudafed Nasal Decongestant®
  • Congestaclear®
  • d-Isoephedrine
  • d-pseudoephedrine
  • d-psi-2-methylamino-1-phenyl-1-propanol
  • d-psi-Ephedrine
  • Efidac®
  • Isoephedrine
  • L-(+)-Pseudoephedrine
  • L(+)-psi-Ephedrine
  • Myfedrine®
  • Pseudocot®
  • pseudoefedrina
  • pseudoephedrine HCl
  • pseudoephedrine hydrochloride
  • pseudoephedrinum
  • Psi-ephedrin
  • psi-Ephedrine
  • Ridafed®
  • Silfedrine®
  • soephedrine
  • Sudafed
  • Sudafed 12/24 Hour®
  • Sudafed Congestion®
  • Sudodrin®
  • SudoGest®
  • Sudrine®
  • Superfed®
  • Suphedrin®
  • threo-ephedrine
Reason not allowed:

Over-the-counter (OTC) drug

Racetams
Other Names:
  • piracetam (most common)
  • aniracetam
  • Noopept
  • ombiracetam
  • oxiracetam
  • pramiracetam
Reason not allowed:

Synthetic substances that currently do not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient

Salvia divinorum
Other Names:
  • Salvinorin A
  • Diviner’s Sage
  • Sally D
  • Magic Mint
  • Ska Maria pastora
Reason not allowed:

Prohibited by all individual U.S. military services

Reference Link:
Tianeptine
Other Names:
  • Coaxil
  • Tianaa
  • tianeptina
  • tianeptine acid
  • tianeptine sodium powder
  • tianeptine sulfate
  • Tianna Green
  • Tianna Red
  • Tianna White
Reason not allowed:

Unapproved drug

Unapproved drugs
Other Names:

Some examples include:

  • Adrafinil
  • Dapoxetine
  • GW-501516
  • MK-677
  • Phenibut
  • Phenolphthalein
  • Picamilon
  • Piracetam
  • Pregnenolone
  • Redotex
  • Sibutramene
  • SR-9009
Reason not allowed:

Drugs that have not been approved by FDA and thus might not meet current standards of safety

Vinpocetine
Other Names:
  • 3-alpha,16-alpha-apovincaminic acid ethyl ester
  • 3-α,16-α-apovincaminic acid ethyl ester
  • apovincaminate d'ethyle
  • apovincaminic acid ethyl ester
  • Cavinton
  • Ceractin
  • ethyl (3α,16α)-eburnamenine-14-carboxylate
  • ethyl apovincamin-22-oate
  • ethyl apovincaminate
  • Vinject
  • Vinpocetine Oral Grade
  • vinpocetinum
Reason not allowed:

Unapproved drug